Abdominal Pain – Causes & Remedies

abdominal pain Abdominal Pain – Causes & Treatment

Abdominal pain also known as stomach ache is a pain which occurs between chest and pelvic regions of your body. This is a common symptom commonly observed among everyone at some point of time. The pain is not serious and can be easily diagnosed and treated while sometimes it can become a serious issue.

Depending on the type of pain and the region of pain, it can be mild or serious. Typically, the most common causes are listed below

  • Indigestion
  • Constipation
  • Stomach virus
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Food poisoning
  • Food allergies
  • Gas
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Ulcers
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Hernia
  • Gallstones
  • Kidney stones
  • Endometriosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Appendicitis

These causes if are followed by the symptoms listed below, then it’s time to visit the doctor for further diagnosis immediately. Symptoms include –

  • Fever
  • Inability to pass stool i.e. prolonged constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Painful or unusually frequent urination
  • The abdomen is tender to the touch
  • The pain is the result of an injury to the abdomen
  • The pain lasts for more than 24 hours
  • Unexplained weight loss.

Once we know what the causes of the pain are, we need to figure out how this pain is caused. When you reach the doctor, he will try to understand more by asking questions. There include –

  • What kind of pain is being experienced and where exactly the pain is?
  • Is the pain severe or stabbing or a mild dull pain?
  • How often you get this pain like do you have it always or in the morning or at night? It persists or goes and comes etc.
  • Does it move along into your back, shoulder, groin or buttocks?
  • Are you pregnant?
  • Have you been recently injured?

These are few questions but the doctor would continue with more depending on your situation. A physical examination would be performed by gently pressing down on various areas of you abdomen to check tenderness and swelling. Based on these certain medical tests can be prescribed by the doctor such as ultrasound scanning, urine tests, blood tests, etc to determine the exact cause of the pain.

Once the cause is identified by the doctor based on the initial triage and further supplemented by the medical tests, the treatment would be started based on the cause. Treatment can range from medications, antibiotics for infections, changes in health style such as certain foods which you might be allergic or surgery if needed for cases like appendicitis etc.

We might not be able to prevent all forms of abdominal pains but we can minimise the risk of getting one by –

  • Drink water frequently
  • Healthy diet consumption
  • Regular exercise
  • If you already had reached out to doctor for treatment, then follow the doctor’s advice strictly so that you can minimise it in less time.

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