January 27, 2021

henryk sienkiewicz nobel

Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz de Oszyk /ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛˈksandɛr ˈpʲus ɕɛnˈkʲevʲitʂ de ˈɔʂɨk/;(n. 5 mai 1846, Wola Okrzejska[*] , Podlasie Governorate[*] , Imperiul Rus – d. 15 noiembrie 1916, Vevey, Vaud, Elveția) a fost un romancier și nuvelist polonez, unul dintre cei mai mari prozatori polonezi, laureat al Premiului Nobel pentru Literatură în 1905 – Vevey, 1916. november 15.) [4] It was probably in this period that he wrote his first novel, Ofiara (Sacrifice); he is thought to have destroyed the manuscript of the never-published novel. 'S e Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz de Oszyk (IPA: [xɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛˈksandɛr ˈpʲus ɕɛnˈkʲevʲitʂ de ˈɔʂɨk]) sgrìobhadair Pòlach.Rugadh e ann an Wola Okrzejska ann an 1846 agus chaochail e ann an Vevey ann an 1916. Henryk Sienkiewicz Biographical H enryk Sienkiewicz (1846-1916), the most outstanding and prolific Polish writer of the second half of the nineteenth century, was born in Wola Okrzejska, in the Russian part of Poland. Read 1 064 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Quo Vadis: A Narrative of the Time of Nero, commonly known as Quo Vadis, is a historical novel written by Henryk Sienkiewicz in Polish. Z tej rodziny: Henryk 1847–1916, powieściopisarz". [4] Polish "Positivism" advocated economic and social modernization and deprecated armed irredentist struggle. Nagrodzony za „wybitne osiągnięcia w dziedzinie eposu” i – jak podkreślił jeden z jurorów – „rzadko spotykany geniusz, który wcielił w siebie ducha narodu”. In Rome (Italy), in the small church of "Domine Quo Vadis", there is a bronze bust of Henryk Sienkiewicz. He completed extramural secondary-school classes, and in 1866 he received his secondary-school diploma. Gałąź rodziny tatarskiej osiadłej na Litwie, przyjęła chrzest i uzyskała nobilitację z herbem Oszyk w osobie Michała Sienkiewicza. [25][26] While Quo Vadis is the novel that brought him international fame,[33] the Nobel Prize does not name any particular novel, instead citing "his outstanding merits as an epic writer". [19] A jubilee committee presented him with a gift from the Polish people: an estate at Oblęgorek, near Kielce,[19] where he later opened a school for children. Henryk Sienkiewicz [11] In 1873 he began writing a column, "Bez tytułu" ("Without a title"), in The Polish Gazette; in 1874 a column, "Sprawy bieżące" ("Current matters") for Niwa; and in 1875 the column, "Chwila obecna" ("The present moment"). [28] Together with Ignacy Paderewski and Erazm Piltz, he established an organization for Polish war relief. [4] He also worked on his first novel to be published, Na marne (In Vain). HENRYK SIENKIEWICZ. MLA style: Henryk Sienkiewicz – Facts. Nobel-díj (1905) Henryk Sienkiewicz aláírása: A Wikimédia Commons tartalmaz Henryk Sienkiewicz témájú médiaállományokat. Hardcover. [11] He also collaborated on a Polish translation, published in 1874, of Victor Hugo's last novel, Ninety-Three. Hänet muistetaan parhaiten historiallisista romaaneistaan. [16][17][30] The Trilogy merged elements of the epic and the historical novel, infused with special features of Sienkiewicz's style. He left the university in 1871 without taking In Desert and Wilderness, published in 1911, is a novel by Polish author Henryk Sienkiewicz, winner of the 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature. [17] The turn of the 1880s and 1890s was associated with intensive work on several novels. [16] The couple had two children, Henryk Józef (1882–1959) and Jadwiga Maria (1883–1969). [22], These views informed his novel Quo Vadis (1896). 2001. p. 72. He is best remembered for his historical novels, especially for his internationally known best-seller Quo Vadis (1896). [19] He helped gather funds for social-welfare projects such as starvation relief, and for construction of a tuberculosis sanatorium at Zakopane. Nobel Media AB 2021. Outside Poland, Sienkiewicz's popularity declined beginning in the interbellum, except for Quo Vadis, which retained relative fame thanks to several film adaptations, including a notable American one in 1951. Quo Vadis book. Dobrzyński” (ur. [22] During the Revolution in the Kingdom of Poland, he advocated broader Polish autonomy within the Russian Empire. [29] He has statues in a number of Polish cities, including Warsaw's Łazienki Park (the first statue was erected at Zbaraż, now in Ukraine),[29] and in Rome[38] A Sienkiewcz Mound stands at Okrzeja, near his birthplace, Wola Okrzejska. His mother descended from an old and affluent Podlachian family. ", Jan Ciechanowicz. [12], In April 1879 Sienkiewicz returned to Polish soil. [23] The novel was finished by March 1896. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz herbu Oszyk, kryptonim „Litwos”, „Musagetes”, pseudonim „Juliusz Polkowski”, „K. Tasked with a mission to manage Alfred Nobel's fortune and has ultimate responsibility for fulfilling the intentions of Nobel's will. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (Polish: [ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛˈksandɛr ˈpʲus ɕɛnˈkʲevʲit͡ʂ]; also known by the pseudonym "Litwos" [ˈlitfɔs]; 5 May 1846 – 15 November 1916) was a Polish journalist, novelist and the Nobel Prize laureate. [21] While critics generally praised its style, they noted that some historic facts are misrepresented or distorted. Initially titled Wilcze gniazdo (The Wolf's Lair), it appeared in serial installments in The Word from May 1883 to March 1884. [34], Sienkiewicz often carried out substantial historic research for his novels, but he was selective in the findings that made it into the novels. Language: Polish Prize share: 1/1 He soon became one of the most popular Polish writers of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and numerous translations gained him international renown, culminating in his receipt of the 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature for his "outstanding merits as an epic writer.". [11] In June that year, he became co-owner of Niwa (in 1878, he would sell his share in the magazine). Several outreach organisations and activities have been developed to inspire generations and disseminate knowledge about the Nobel Prize. The story takes place in northeastern Africa during the 1880s. [17] The Trilogy established Sienkiewicz as the most popular contemporary Polish writer. [18], Sienkiewicz had several romances, and in 1892 Maria Romanowska-Wołodkowicz, stepdaughter of a wealthy Odessan, entered his life. On 13 December 1895 he obtained papal consent to dissolution of the marriage. [17], From 1883 he increasingly shifted his focus from short pieces to historical novels. [31] To avoid intrusive journalists and fans, Sienkiewicz sometimes traveled incognito. [28] The cause of death was ischemic heart disease. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, [ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛkˈsandɛr ˈpjus ɕɛnˈkʲɛvitʂ], Września schoolchildren who were protesting the banning of the Polish language, "The Nobel Peace Prize 1983. [16] He began work on the historical novel, Ogniem i Mieczem (With Fire and Sword). [13] These publications made him a prominent figure in Warsaw's journalistic-literary world, and a guest at popular dinner parties hosted by actress Helena Modrzejewska. NobelPrize.org. Numerous translations of his innovative novels gained him international renown, culminating with the 1905 Nobel Prize in … [4], Due to the hard times, 19-year-old Sienkiewicz took a job as tutor to the Weyher family in Płońsk. [16] He paid less and less attention to his post of editor-in-chief, resigning it in 1887 but remaining editor of the paper's literary section until 1892. [23] He had expressed his opinions on naturalism and writing, generally, early on in "O naturaliźmie w powieści" ("Naturalism in the Novel", 1881). 5 maja 1846 w Woli Okrzejskiej, zm. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz, also known as “Litwos”, was a Polish journalist and Nobel Prize-winning novelist. [23][29] Writers and poets devoted works to him, or used him or his works as inspiration. [19][36][37], Named for Sienkiewicz, in Poland, are numerous streets and squares (the first street to bear his name was in Lwów, in 1907). [19] More cautiously, he called on Russia's government to introduce reforms in Russian-controlled Congress Poland. [29][31] In Poland his works are still widely read; he is seen as a classic author, and his works are often required reading in schools. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (US: /ʃɛnˈkjeɪvɪtʃ, -jɛv-/ shen-KYAY-vitch, -⁠KYEV-itch,[1][2][3] Polish: [ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛkˈsandɛr ˈpjus ɕɛnˈkʲɛvitʂ]; 5 May 1846 – 15 November 1916), also known by the pseudonym Litwos [ˈlitfɔs], was a Polish journalist, novelist and Nobel Prize laureate. [19] Painters created works inspired by Sienkiewicz's novels, and their works were gathered in Sienkiewicz-themed albums and exhibitions. [4][5] Little is known about this period of his life, other than that he moved out of his parents' home, tutored part-time, and lived in poverty. [23] Later, in the early 1900s, he fell into mutual hostility with the Young Poland movement in Polish literature. [28] His 1910 novel for young people, W pustyni i w puszczy (In Desert and Wilderness), serialized in Kurier Warszawski (The Warsaw Courier), finishing in 1911, was much better received and became widely popular among children and young adults. [4] This was followed by Humoreski z teki Woroszyłły (Humorous Sketches from Woroszyłła's Files, 1872), Stary Sługa (The Old Servant, 1875), Hania (Sienkiewicz) (1876) and Selim Mirza (1877). [18] Just two weeks later, however, his bride left him; Sienkiewicz blamed "in-law intrigues". [4] In September 1858 he began his education in Warsaw, where the family would finally settle in 1861, having bought a tenement house (kamienica) in eastern Warsaw's Praga district. Henryk Sienkiewicz. [12], His "Latarnik" ("The Lighthouse keeper", 1881) has been described as one of the best Polish short stories. [39] The second, founded in 1966, is in his birthplace: the Henryk Sienkiewicz Museum in Wola Okrzejska. [9][10] Wola Okrzejska belonged to the writer's maternal grandmother, Felicjana Cieciszowska. Journalistic pieces, mainly in the 1880s he began work on the novel. Community for readers and traveled abroad to Brussels and Paris first collected edition of works by Bolesław Prus winner the. 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