January 27, 2021

iceland gender equality laws

"Then I'll recall," she said, "the slap you gave me, and I don't care whether you hold out for a long or a short time." Though gender is often wrongly defined as an exclusive label to describe the sex of living creatures, the word has more recently applied solely to the human sphere, encompassing an individual's’ sense of self-identity, their social interactions and their daily behaviour. Since her reign as president, the country has passed laws requiring businesses that have more than 15 employees to document and prove that they pay women equally. This has been the case since the passing of sweeping progressive legislation in 2012, protecting the rights of those outside the binary. This is largely down to the Keeping The Windows Open project, a UN side-mission that directly collaborates with the police. Laws requiring businesses to prove they are paying men and women equally have come into force in Iceland. Though she was initially reluctant to run, Vigdis was soon convinced by her fellow countrymen to prove women could successfully run a campaign and win. Now, it just became the first country to legalise equal pay: a new law, in fact, makes it illegal to pay men more than women. To put it another way, given the scale of one working day, women stop earning a salary at 14.53PM. Only 22% of managers and 30% of televised experts in Iceland are women. By default, this left women in a position of power where they undertook traditionally male roles for the family: hunter, builder, farmer, etc. Iceland has long been known for its reputation on gender equality, and has ranked at the top of the Gender Equality Index since 2009. This is just one example of how women in Norse society could be granted a greater level of respect and freedom than their European counterparts. She sees the law as the logical continuation of Iceland's history around gender equality. More than that, it cemented her reputation as a woman of action. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Helgi Halldórsson. Besides the Soviet Union and Mexico, Iceland was the first nation to legalise clinical abortions - it was also the first not to retract that decision at a later date. Discrimination on the basis of perceived or actual gender identity is illegal, and those who transition can change their names and genders on all legal documents without issue. Howell, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Magnús Ólafsson, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Þorleifur Þorleifsson, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Rob C. Croes, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Helgi Halldórsson, Intimately experience the world's northernmost capital by booking a, Get to know gay rights in Iceland by reading, Find out more about Icelandic culture by reading. Gender equality has been defined by Iceland as: “the right to equal opportunities and resources regardless of gender—is both a fundamental human right and one of the foundations for a prosperous and harmonious planet.” Violations of gender equality are adjudicated by the Complaints Committee on Equal Status, whose members are appointed by the minister of social affairs and social security, who also appoints members of the Equal Status Council, which makes recommendations for improving workplace equality. The legislation came into force on Monday, January 1st. These traits can be traced back to Iceland’s history as a seafaring nation. The gender pay gap, namely the higher salary men receive compared to women for work of the same or equal value and that can only be understood as a negative bias against women – is a worldwide problem of gender discrimination. You can see the result here above. "My life depends on it," he said, "for they'll never be able to get me as long as I can use my bow." But as our latest ranking shows, there is still progress to be made. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by the Delaware Art Museum. Daily chart Iceland leads the way to women’s equality in the workplace. Upon their arrival in Iceland, Unnur granted her crew their freedom and secured her position as a respected, merciful leader. The orgiansation of gender equality work in Iceland The Minister of Social Affairs is in charge of the implement-ation of the gender equality legislation, but the Centre for Gender Equality is responsible for its administration. Hallgerður was quick to condemn Gunnar’s action, however, telling him that he would pay for hitting her in time. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Magnús Ólafsson. Adored by Icelanders the country over, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir is to this day very well aware that her victory came off the back of the 1975 Women's Day Off. Icelanders are rightfully proud of these progressive statistics, but prouder still of the continuing fight for progress and the refusal to accept government compromises. Having made the decision to return to the remainder of her family in Iceland, Unnur secretly commissioned the building of a ship which she later captained to the shores of her homeland. A divorced single mother, her presidency took the world by surprise in the less liberally minded 1980s, with international headlines reading quite simply "WOMAN ELECTED PRESIDENT.". Despite the fact she achieved only a narrow margin of a victory, her popularity quickly soared, securing her three later re-elections. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Rob C. Croes, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir held the position of President of Iceland for sixteen years, making her the longest serving female president from any country to date. The law, established in 2000, was revamped in 2008 with the overarching goal of reaching equal rights through all paradigms of society. By many measures, Iceland leads the world in gender equality (Credit: Getty Images) “Most countries have equal pay laws: the UK established them in … The group organised support meetings, lobbied parliament, distributed petitions and vehemently pushed obtaining the vote for women. How were they built, what were they like to live in, and when did they stop being used? The gender equality in Iceland isn't limited to simply females and males. More often than not, women were known for their role as an ‘inciter’. Iceland is a progressive Nordic welfare state. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Þorleifur Þorleifsson. The medieval law book Grágás lays down these societal differences in writing, citing that women may not wear men’s clothes, cut their hair short or carry weapons, amongst others. Iceland is committed to closing the gender pay gap by 2022, building on its proven track record on advancing gender equality. Since the 1960s, women have reached close to equal footing in the workforce, and numbers are still steadily growing. The laws state that the National University Hospital of Iceland is obligated to create a department dedicated to diagnosing gender dysphoria, as well as performing sex reassignment surgery (SRS). 90/2004. In 2009, even the percentage of women elected members of parliament surpassed that of men. Discover a wide range of Mountain Tours Why not join this Mo... How can you find a job in Iceland? A major turning point in the global fight for gender pay parity was marked on January 1, 2018 when a new Icelandic law on pay certification came into force. Proving why it's the top country in the world when it comes to gender equality, Iceland's new law guaranteeing wage parity for women went into effect on January 1, 2018. The Nordic nation is the first to make pay equality mandatory for both public and private firms. Instead, downtown Reykjavik was filled with cheering, pots banging, whistles, protest signs. Iceland is no exception. Above you can see Ugla Stefanía Kristjönudóttir Jónsdóttir give a talk about non-binary gender and the obstacles they still face in society today, at a TEDx talk in Reykjavík. And although the gender gap at work does not end there, it would be a big step for companies to begin to know the advantages of labor equality in terms of employee profitability and well-being. By 1920, 20% of the population resided there and an urban centre began to form. Officials plans to make the pay gap a thing of Icelandic history by 2022 "Everyone has some mark of distinction," said Gunnar, "and I won't ask you again.". On Gender Equality. It wasn't long though until Gunnar’s bowstring snapped in the midst of battle, and he called to his wife for aid; "Does anything depend on it?" By 1904, Iceland had achieved home rule, lessening the crown’s influence over the country. One of the protest’s ambitions was to prove how indispensable women are to the working life of Iceland’s economy. Public breastfeeding is considered completely normal in Iceland, the best example perhaps being when an MP breastfed her baby during parliament in 2016 that made international headlines. To continue forward, the Icelandic government ran a gender-equality conference aimed at only men, with the important message that their participation is also required to help solve prevalent inequalities. Icelandic Law. After some discussion between the various women’s rights organisation, a strike was finally agreed, though the word ‘strike’ would be replaced by ‘day off’. There are a number of examples, however, that provide some insight into the independent-mindedness and strength of women in medieval Iceland, particularly the Laxdæla saga and Brennu-Njáls saga. In 1975, Icelandic women had grown tired of their lack of representation and inferior pay scales. In 2015, the Free The Nipple campaign took ahold of Iceland in support of a female student who revealed her nipple on her own Twitter page and was bullied by another student because of it. Scandinavia’s development in this area has been put down to a number of factors, namely that all four countries above achieved 99% literacy rate for both sexes a number of decades ago. Vigdis’ presidency and the laws Iceland enacted to enforce gender equality aren’t widely known. This means it will now be illegal to pay men and women different wages for the same job. In 1911, women gained equal access to public grants, public office and education. Women make up 66% of graduates from University, hold 30 of the country’s 62 parliamentary seats (48%), and elected their first female prime minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir from 2009 to 2013. Which mountains are the most beautiful mountains in Iceland, where are they located and what kind of mountains can you find in Iceland? These wards are staffed by specialised nurses, psychiatrists and support staff, as well as a team of lawyers to provide legal assistance and a line of communication to the police and the courts. As governments are slowly turning their focus from raw GDP-driven measurements toward well-being criteria when judging economic success, the demand for progressive social justice policies is increasing. Women in sport get a lot of media coverage, and have many great supporters of both individuals that watch them compete and bigger companies that back them with funding. In 1881, women were suddenly allowed to vote in local and parish elections. For the first century it was only for women, but in 1977 the first man attended it and it now educates both men and women. The fight for progress is ongoing and uphill. This law includes information on gender equality for government and businesses to follow. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Nationaal Archief. In Iceland, such discrimination has been prohibited by law since 1961. There is also a woman’s shelter for women and children who have suffered violence at home. Although Bieber fell in love with the country and decided to come back the following y... What are Icelandic turf houses? Of equal importance is the empowerment of women; the steady build of a culture that allows women to make choices for both their own benefit and the benefit of society as a whole. Social movements, pressure groups and businesses boomed, providing Iceland with a strong middle class and laying the groundwork for the activism to come. None of Business Iceland’s members have openly criticised the new law, Sigurðsson says. However, in 1850, Iceland was the first country in the world to grant equal inheritance rights to both men and women. Statistics demonstrate that only a handful of rape victims report their crimes to the police and, from this, an even smaller number of convictions are made. This has almost been the case for two decades, with analysts pointing to the large scale female participation in the labour force, the closing pay gap and the opportunity for women to rise to positions of corporate and political esteem. Iceland … Iceland is also on the forefront of equality when it comes to the LGBTQIA community, so that individuals that identify as non-binary gender are as much a part of the society as anyone else. In 2015, approximately 400 women reached out to the shelter for help, of which 126 took refuge. The protest was so successful, in fact, that Iceland has kept up the tradition, hosting a Woman’s Day Off in 1985, 2005, 2010 and 2016. Since the first edition of the Forum report in 2006, Iceland has closed around 10% of its total gender gap, making it one of the fastest-improving countries in the world. In 2000, Iceland had also introduced a path-breaking parental leave policy, leading to its ranking as the best country in the world for gender equality by the World Economic Forum, for nine consecutive years. However, there is … Gender equality laws exist with extended maternity and paternity leave and affordable childcare that promote societal balance. Advertiser Disclosure Advertiser Disclosure. “It's something that women in Iceland have worked very hard for,” Steingrímsdóttir said. The policy requires companies with more than 25 employees to certify that they pay equally, regardless of gender or ethnicity. Helga the Fair is another example of how women were perceived through the eyes of medieval Icelanders, found in Gunnlaug's saga. In Iceland, there are two emergency rape wards for women who have suffered sexual violence. By making this change, the organisers hoped the rally would earn mass support and would also avoid having participants disciplined by their employers. Iceland prioritizes equality and promotes parents in sharing their parental leave. While there is still progression to be made in terms of the recognition of trans and genderqueer individuals, Iceland allows platforms for these people to represent themselves freely. With that, Gunnar was overwhelmed by his enemies and killed in his home. They were also protected by law from unwanted attention or violence. The 9th-century settler Unnur Ketilsdottir (aka; “Aud the Deep-Minded”) was left widowed in Scotland after her husband was betrayed. Iceland was ranked first in the World Economic Forum's 2015 Global Gender Gap Index, followed by Norway, Finland and Sweden. Helga was a woman of exceptional beauty, caught in a love triangle between the noble warriors Gunnlaugr Ormstunga and Hrafn Önundarson. As a transgender rights activist who prefers non-gendered pronouns, they write about genderqueer rights for Huffington Post, help to spread information about non-binary people, and aid genderqueer rights around the world. ACT on Maternity/Paternity Leave and Parental Leave, No. While not perfect, Iceland is a much more welcoming place today to discuss alternative gender issues than it was when the first transgender person came out. Vigdís Finnbogadóttir has not been the only woman to push the boundaries of leadership in Icelandic politics. When she finally passed, the community buried her inside of a ship, an honour usually reserved for the land’s wealthiest men. “I’m not a man and I never have been and my principle has always been not to try to act like a man.”Vigdís  Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland (1980-1996). Finally, on June 15 1915,  women over the age of 40 could vote in national elections, a victory blemished by the difference in voting age from that of men, 25. Under the new rules, companies… Where do you need to travel to find the most spectacular waterfalls? The New Year ushered in a new wage policy in Iceland, where it is now illegal for companies to pay men more than women for the same job. As of 2010, strip clubs, prostitution and profiting off the nudity of employees have all been made illegal. In 1845, the Danish Crown allowed the re-establishment of the Alþingi, later expanding its influence as a legislative and financial body. How long does a sunset or a sunrise last? The campaign itself is focused on the double standards regarding the censorship of the female breast and the sexualisation of women's bodies. Hallgerður was allowed to go free, though she was roundly condemned for her actions. Book your complete trip with the best companies only. Traditionally, the men were away from the family at sea, either fishing or participating in Viking raids, leaving their wives and families at home. Iceland's commitment to gender equality is as strong today as it has ever been. Are there any historical turf houses left in Iceland, and where can you find t... Guide to Iceland | The Story of the Leading Travel Agency of Iceland, 5 Reasons Not to Behave Like Justin Bieber in Iceland, The Ultimate Guide to Turf Houses in Iceland, A Snapshot of Iceland | Facts, Figures & Information, World Economic Forum’s survey for gender equality, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Magnus Fröderberg, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Johann Baptist Zwecker, sorceresses to servant girls to Goddesses, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Reynold Brown, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by the Delaware Art Museum, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Fr. In tertiary education, the gender gap has in fact been reversed, with more women attending university than men. At the time, she firmly told the national press, "It is not acceptable that women or people in general are a product to be sold.". Women managed the finances of the household, ran the farmstead in their husband’s absence and could become wealthy landowners in widowhood. Guðrún Jónsdóttir of Stígamót, a Reykjavik organisation campaigning against sexual violence, said of the prime minister, "Johanna is a great feminist in that she challenges the men in her party and refuses to let them oppress her. National court decision. List of issues concerning Iceland and the implementation of the convention against torture. A year after their formation, the group could boast a parliamentary petition of over 2000 signatories. The first organisations centred on women in Iceland were formed in the latter half of the 19th century. Rights Groups Express Concerns Katrín Jakobsdóttir. In 1989, Anna Kristjánsdottir was forced to move to Sweden to receive any support at all. Parliamentarians discussed women’s suffrage on numerous occasions and were found to be in favour of it, proposing legislation quickly turned down by the more conservative Danish Crown. There were exceptions to this, however, an excellent example of which can be found in the Laxdæla saga. You May Like. When was Guide to Iceland founded and why? After successfully completing an 18-month process, including living 12 months in accordance with their gender, applicants appear before a committee of professionals. Out of 144 countries, this small island has ranked number one in political empowerment amongst women, number one for closing the gender income gap (government ambitions look to finalise this in 2022) and boasts corporate quotas which ensure women currently hold 44% of representation on company boards. Given the famine at the time, this was considered a grave crime. The Gender Pay Gap = not Cool! She would later settle land, run a farmstead and give charitably to her supporters. One year later, this percentage has dropped to a remarkable 3%. Abortions were made legal in Iceland on the 28th January 1935, marking the way for a modern abortion legalisation policy. What is Guide to Iceland? If you are a woman, the best country in the world to live is Iceland. Túngata 14 | 101 Reykjavík | Sími 552 2720 | info[at]humanrights.is, Notes on Iceland's Fourth periodic report on implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and political rights Pursuant to Article 40 of the Covenant, Notes on Iceland's Combined Seventeenth and Eighteenth Periodic Reports on Implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, Notes on Iceland's Third Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention Against Torture, Notes on Iceland's Sixth Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. This is why Iceland ranks first for gender equality It ranks fifth out of 144 countries on a gauge of “wage equality for similar work”. Sexual harrassment and domestic violence are still key areas that require focus. Since her return, she has become recognised as a pioneer for transpeople, and celebrated for her bravery. Aside from this situation, women were constrained to a domestic life, their duties confined to child care, clothes making, food preparation and housekeeping. Under these laws, individuals should be able to determine their own gender, their gender identity will be recognised, individuals will enjoy bodily integrity and equality before the law regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, sex characteristics, and gender expression. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Reynold Brown. Fathers brought their children to the workplace (nurseries and schools were closed due to the lack of staff), the newspapers were unable to print (typesetters were almost always women), shops remained closed, telephone exchanges were left unanswered and even some radio broadcasts were forced to shut down. How do you sleep during the... Iceland is a country of many amazing waterfalls, but which are the best ones? Throughout the sixties and seventies, grassroots activism had begun to take hold as the primary method for promoting civil liberties and instigating social change. Throughout this time, women’s suffrage was beginning to take hold. In 2016, the 40th anniversary of the gender equality law, the Alþingi made amendments to the existing legislation, handing down stricter punishments for domestic abuse and stalking. Twenty-one years later, women were eligible to represent these bodies. 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Overarching goal of reaching equal rights of women elected members of parliament surpassed that of men inheritance rights to men... 2015, Iceland has topped the world Economic Forum 's 2015 Global gender gap has in been.

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