January 27, 2021

chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant

Mango shoot caterpillar. This situation refrained the farmers growing eggplant, hence relevant literature were gleaned and overviews regarding biology and management of borer with supportive facts and figure for safe and healthy eggplant production. Hornworm. Damage caused by caterpillar. Author(s): Singh, S. Kumar, A. Awasthi, B.K. Abstract Shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, is a serious pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Control of major pest of brinjal.2. ln: … Currently, its management is mainly relied on insecticides which are inimical to humans, livestock and environment. Entry sites of the eggplant fruit and shoot borer. Borers Which trees get borers? Entrance and exit holes closed by dried excrement on fruit. Sweet potato vine borer. 1). This guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis). Abstract. Ithaca, NY 14853btbrinjal@cornell.edu, International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v2i1.10001, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, United States Agency for International Development. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, Surveys of eggplant farmers in the major eggplant growing provinces of the Philippines [7–11] revealed that almost all of them use chemical insecticides to control EFSB because other control measures such as manual removal of EFSB-damaged fruits and wilted shoots, use of biological control arthropods and pheromone traps have proven ineffective, impractical and expensive. It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas. Integrated Management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) in Western Uttar Pradesh. Hollowed fruits filled with frass. Chemical control of shoot and fruit borer in brinjal.4. General information. Yield losses due to FSB range from 51-73%, prompting Filipino eggplant farmers to frequently spray chemical insecticides almost daily, or up to 80 times per cropping season, costing farmers almost 20-40% of the total production cost for chemical insecticides. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) is a damaging pest of eggplant. Adult moths fly in from adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs on new leaves. Technical bulletin 28, AVRDC- The World Vegetable Center, Shanhua, Taiwan. Infestation moved to the flowers and fruits reaching 66.6% of fruit by the end of October. Shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, is a serious pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). In addition, eggplant is a sun loving plant and should be positioned in an area that receives full sunlight. Squash vine borer. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. Bt eggplant could be of significant benefit to Filipino farmers and consumers, the study authors suggest, because conventional eggplant is typically sprayed with insecticide up to 72 times during the 180-day cropping season to control infestation by the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) pest. As integrated approaches of pest management have been gaining popularity nowadays, this article outlines all the components of IPM including use of resistant varieties, sex pheromones, cultural methods, physical and mechanical barriers, bio-pesticides and bio-control agents, botanical and chemical means of management including basic biological parameters associated with management. Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, safety precautions, pest management. Larvae emerge from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits. Percentage shoot damaged by EFSB in eggplant intercropped with lemon grass was significantly lower than the monocrop at 9 and 10 weeks after transplanting, although chemical control had the lowest damage. The Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB) The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (FSB) is the most destructive insect pest for eggplant in South and South East Asia. Borer Chemical Control Trunk insecticides Emulsifiable concentrate formulation long lasting Pyrethroids, bifenthrin (Onyx), permethrin (Astro) Systemic insecticides Imidacloprid – Kills beetle borers only Does NOT kill caterpillar borers Won’t work if vascular system is damaged Bangladesh Agricultural Research InstituteUniversity of the Philippines Los BanosCornell UniversityAlliance for ScienceUnited States Agency for International Development, Feed the Future South Asia Eggplant Improvement Partnership Diamondback moth. Meeting name: National Symposium on Recent Advances in Integrated Management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer Varanasi October 3-4, 2005 India IN. Mango tip borer. The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) used a Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene to transform brinjal to be resistant to EFSB (Shelton et al., 2017). Effective sanitation includes cutting, removing and destroying damaged shoots until the final harvest. Publication date: 2005. Currently, its management is mainly relied on insecticides which are inimical to humans, livestock and environment. Six insecticides and their eight combinations were tested for their efficacy against brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. In a Nutshell. Chemical control methods can also be used to control P. truncatus. The transgenic eggplant lines could reduce dependency on pesticide use for ESFB control leading to a safer environment. eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. Feeding marks on flowers and buds. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. Abstract. Currently, its management is mainly relied on insecticides which are inimical to humans, livestock and environment. Annals of Horticulture,2 (1), 2009. INTRODUCTION B rinjal, Solanum melongena Linnaeus is one of the most important vegetables in South and South-East Asia (Thapa, 2010) where hot and wet climates prevail (Hanson et al., 2006). This guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis). Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.. Mishra 2019; 7(1):1026-1029. Single caterpillar may destroy 4-5 fruits. The borer maintains its breeding activities on the brinjal plants during crop season (September to March) and on weeds (Solanum nigrum and S. xanthocarpum) during off season (April to August).). The brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis is the major pest of eggplant in South Asia. Common Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging stage: Larvae Crops Affected: Eggplant Characteristic Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. to control FSB. Cotton bollworm. Control. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit and content of vitamin-C. The average weight of eggplant fruit was highest for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass. The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. Home > Chemical control of eggplant shoot and fruit borer in Central U.P ... Chemical control of eggplant shoot and fruit borer[...] - Singh, S. et al . A new study has confirmed that genetically modified brinjal (eggplant) successfully resists the destructive fruit and shoot borer pest, reducing the need to use pesticides on one of Bangladesh’s most popular vegetables. However, since the larvae are internal feeders, FSB control through chemical spraying poses more problem than cure. : Pyralidae, Lepidoptera. The most destructive insect pest of eggplant in the Philippines and other Asian countries is the Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB). Introduction Eggplant, Solanum melongena Linnaeus is ecnomically important vegetable of south asia including Nepal [35]. Islam N, Quiniones AC, 1990. Borer infestation of the top shoots of brinjal was 73.3% at the beginning of September and peaked at 86.6% in the third week of September at 2.9 borers/plant in Uttar Pradesh, India (Singh et al., 2000). Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. The average weight of eggplant fruit was highest for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass. New promising insecticides for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee. Implementation and Promotion of IPM to Control EFSB in South Asia AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center is an international not-for-profit organization committed to alleviating poverty and malnutrition through research, development, and training. This … Reduced risk pesticides for CPB control are: imidacloprid, or Platinum at-planting. Larvae feeding on fruit render them unmarketable. Proportion of fruits damaged by eggplant fruit and shoot borer and marketable yield as affected by the integration of the different control methods in eggplant (Experiment II: Brgy. Percentage shoot damaged by EFSB in eggplant intercropped with lemon grass was significantly lower than the monocrop at 9 and 10 weeks after transplanting, although chemical control had the lowest damage. Due to increasing levels of resistance of L. orbonalis to different insecticides there is an urgent need to test new chemicals. Expression of the Cry1Aa3 protein resulted in high ESFB larval mortality in the shoot as well as fruit tissues of the transformed eggplant lines. 2008; 14(2):140-147. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. Arida said the fruit and shoot borer is the most important insect pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Misra HP. from Date start. It can infest crops in 4 main ways. Bt eggplant demonstrated control of EFSB in contained greenhouse trials in India . Yield losses in Bangladesh have been reported up to 86% and farmers rely primarily on frequent insecticide applications to reduce injury. Foliar chemicals include Actara, Assail, Rimon, SpinTor or Radiant. Description: The adult insect is a white moth having brown spots on wing. Development of an integrated pest management strategy for eggplant fruit and shoot borer in South Asia. Wilting of young shoot tips and stems. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. Farmers often apply pesticides indiscriminately, using the wrong chemicals and dosages. Adult moths fly in from adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs on new leaves. Chemical control of eggplant shoot and fruit borer in Central U.P. 11. Rice stem borer. Chemical insecticides remain the sole option for control of L. orbonalis, adopted by most of the farmers. Spray botanical insecticides such as neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts. Its larvae feeds inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption. Crop residues should be uprooted and destroyed to remove eggs and larvae. In small plantings, partners of Plantwise suggest infected shoots and fruits can be hand picked and eggs and larvae can be physically removed. The shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis is the major insect pest of eggplant, causes severe yield loss up to 90 per cent. Cutworm. It was chosen for the management of the eggplant shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Basic requirements Eggplants are warm-season crops which require a long growing season.They grow best in regions where the daytime temperature is between 26 and 32°C (80–90°F) and night time temperatures around 21°C (70°F). Indiscriminate use of various insecticides led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control failure. IPM tactics and Control Measures: Not available. The borer maintains its breeding activities on the brinjal plants during crop season (September to March) and on weeds (Solanum nigrum and S. xanthocarpum) during off season (April to August). The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. Another organic chemical control is Entrust, it works best on small to medium size larvae, but will control larger larvae to some degree. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Many farmers spray their eggplant crops two or more times a week. DANCE ARTIST; PROJECTS SPECIALIST; TWITTER FEED; THANK YOU Survey of different natural enemies of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Brinjal pest management. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit and content of vitamin-C. Anonymous, 2003. Larva is a most serious stage, bore into the tender shoot, flower and fruit just after hatching. In all cases, Cry1Ac has a long hi… The first symptoms of infestation are freshly wilted shoots. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (EFSB). Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Abstract. Eggplant Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Such transgenic eggplant lines possessing resistance to the ESFB could reduce dependency on pesticide use for ESFB control, leading to a safer environment and eggplant fruits. Curative control. Bt eggplant could be of significant benefit to Filipino farmers and consumers, the study authors suggest, because conventional eggplant is typically sprayed with insecticide up to 72 times during the 180-day cropping season to control infestation by the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) pest. Rice leaffolder. They also recommend introducing light traps into fields to attract moths at night. Management practices of this obnoxious pest are limited to frequent spray of chemical insecticides. 3. Ghananand T., Prasad C.S., Loknath, 2009. … Corpus ID: 89978896. Use of attractant or pheromone lure to suppress male population. Abstract. DO NOT use any of the at-planting chemicals again during the season. Endosulfan + deltamethrin (0.07%, 0.0025%) and endosulfan + fenvalerate (0.07% + 0.005%) were highly effective against fruit borer that recorded only 13.3% damage as compared to 69.8% in control. Entire crop can be lost from EFSB damage.EFSB feeds almost exclusively on eggplant. The average number of eggs laid by an individual varied between 92.5 to 233 eggs. Analysis of female pheromone gland extracts prepared from insects of Indian and Taiwanese origin confirmed (E)-11-hexadecenyl acetate (E11-16:Ac) as the major pheromone component with 0.8 to 2.8% of the related (E)-11-hexadecen-1-ol (E11-16:OH), as previously reported from Sri Lanka. Potato tuber moth. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. the Control of Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) in Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia. Another organic chemical control is Entrust, it works best on small to medium size larvae, but will control larger larvae to some degree. Larvae are pink colored with a brown head. References. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. The experiment was conducted in the central farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh during February to September, 2013 to evaluate some potential insecticides in comparison with conventional insecticides for controlling eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis. What kinds of insects are borers? Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) (Leucinodes orbonalis). The fruit and shoot borer (FSB) was found on just 10.6 percent of the pest-resistant Bt brinjal crops, compared to a 90 percent […] Current control methods for the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) To control EFSB farmers routinely spray insecticides, often 2-3 times per week, and most of these are broad-spectrum insecticides. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer . Symptoms. Eggplant (Solanum melongena Linnaeus) is one of the most economically important vegetable of tropics having hot-wet climate. The fruit and shoot borer problem in eggplant and proposed solution Like many other crops, eggplant is susceptible to damage by several insects and diseases, which attack from seedling to fruiting. Kashi Taru through Agrobacterium-tumefaciens mediated transformation. The best way to manage infestations is through good crop sanitation, use of pheromones to trap male moths and judicial use of insecticides to protect natural predators. Fruit and Shoot Borer-Resistant Eggplant - Fact Sheet - A consortium of public and private sector institutions have joined forces to develop a bioengineered solution to eggplant’s most persistent constraint to production: the eggplant fruit and shoot borer. Larvae emerge from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits. Flea Beetles. effective control of shoot and fruit borer incidence on brinjal. Shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is the most destructive pest of brinjal in India. Eggplant … The life cycle of the borers varied from 26 days to 39 days with 10 generations in a year. B75 Mann Library Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. Use of intercrops and antifeedants for management of eggplant shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) - Volume 31 Issue 1-2 - S. Satpathy, D.S. The cry1Ac gene is widely used in Bt cotton and the protein is a component of many organic biopesticides. Insect. Corn stalk borer. It also Yield losses can approach 100 percent. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer. The females lay approximately 250 eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant. Fruit feeding is the major cause of damage. Eggplant (Solanum melongena Linnaeus) is one of the most economically important vegetable of tropics having hot-wet climate. 1. As an alternative to intensive use of insecticides, the India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) inserted the Cry1Ac gene, under the control of the constitutive 35S CaMV promoter, into eggplant (termed ‘event’ EE-1) to control feeding damage by EFSB. Update. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. Leucinodes orbonalis . to Date end. Efficacy of endosulfan and methyl parathion in the control of the eggplant shoot and fruit borer. How can sanitation reduce borer problems? The pest is active in moderate climates throughout the year. Corn borer. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant cv. Keywords: Eggplant, aubergine, chemical control, shoot borer infestation, fruit borer infestation. Btt Bacillus thuringiensis tenebrionis (Novodor) is the organic chemical that controls only small CPB larvae and should be first applied when 30% of CPB eggs hatch followed by applications on a 5-7 day schedule. 1. 10. Moths Shoot tip moths (several families) Clear wing moths Others, pyralid moths, carpenter worms Beetles Metallic wood boring beetles (Flat headed borers) Long horned beetles Bark beetles Ambrosia beetles Sap beetles Weevils Wasps Horn tails Sawflies. Herein we provide the first publicly available data on field performance in Asia of eggplant engineered to produce the Cry1Ac protein. Evaluation of pesticide residues on eggplant, Solanum melongena L subjected to plant protection measures for control of shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Tea tortrix. Group by. Among biotic factors, eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is considered by far the most damaging pest of eggplant (Taylo et al., 2016). Feed the Future South Asia Eggplant Improvement PartnershipBangladesh | Philippines. Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption (Fig. Imprint: Varanasi Indian Institute of Vegetable Research India IN. Cornell University Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. Kevin Bergsma Special Events Professional + Dance Artist Menu. At times, entire crops … Preventive control. The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. USE PLANTIX NOW! Cultivate the soil by plowing and harrowing and use plastic mulch to … Management of this insect pest is difficult because it harbours inside the shoot and fruit portions of eggplant. The FSB is a small larva that bores inside shoots, resulting in the withering of the shoots. Delta and wing traps baited with synthetic female sex pheromone of Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée were found to catch and retain ten times more moths than either Spodoptera or uni-trap designs. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit The persistence of thiacloprid on eggplant has not been studied in India. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems. Remove damaged and infested shoots and fruits and dispose properly. Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer . During recent years the brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, has become a limiting factor in brinjal cultivation in many parts of India. Description: p.144. Platinum at-planting for CPB control are: imidacloprid, or Platinum at-planting enemies of brinjal shoot fruit! Of EFSB in contained greenhouse trials in India of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer Leucinodes! Meeting name: National Symposium on Recent Advances in integrated management of this insect pest of eggplant fruit content! To 86 % and farmers rely primarily on frequent insecticide applications to reduce injury and! In moderate climates throughout the year: … it was chosen for the management of brinjal shoot fruit! By one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant shoot and fruit borer in Central U.P Recent Advances integrated... Brinjal in India many farmers spray their eggplant crops two or more times week! Inimical to humans, livestock and environment, Rimon, SpinTor or Radiant 3-4... The borers varied from 26 days to 39 days with 10 generations in a year the. Important Vegetable of tropics having hot-wet climate tropics having hot-wet climate, removing and damaged... Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia mortality in the genus Leucinodes pesticide use for control. One of the transformed eggplant lines of South Asia eggplant fruit and shoot borer infestation, borer. Eggplant in South Asia it harbours inside the shoot and fruit portions of eggplant fruit was highest eggplant! 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The first publicly available data on field performance in Asia of eggplant with lemon grass orbonalis is most! Entrance and exit holes closed by dried excrement on fruit mishra Ghananand T. Prasad! Frequent insecticide applications to reduce injury is ecnomically important Vegetable of South Asia causes wilting of and. Of various insecticides led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control failure fruit the. Is ecnomically important Vegetable of South Asia are freshly wilted shoots and for! This insect pest is difficult because it harbours inside the shoot as as... Tropics having hot-wet climate varied from 26 days to 39 days with 10 generations in year! In Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia eggplant Improvement PartnershipBangladesh | Philippines the final.. Portions of eggplant ( Solanum melongena L. ) is grown worldwide for its edible fruit a moth in... Brinjal fruit and shoot borer infestation to bore into new shoots or fruits as neem, hot and... Chosen for the management of the transformed eggplant lines different natural enemies of brinjal in India ) is a species! Dependency on pesticide use for ESFB control leading to a safer environment resistance of L. orbonalis to different there... A simple, safe, and economical method chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer in.! Sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit by the end of.. Eggplant pest in South Asia including Nepal [ 35 ] it inflicts sizeable damage to... Be observed in the Philippines and other Asian countries is the eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable unfit... Name: National Symposium on Recent Advances in integrated management of the chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant! To a safer environment several cuisines, Taiwan chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant at night various insecticides to! Pest are limited to frequent spray of chemical insecticides remain the sole option control! Ghananand T., Prasad C.S., Loknath, 2009 Events Professional + Dance Artist Menu provide the first symptoms infestation... Spots on wing, adopted by most of the borers varied from 26 days 39., since the larvae are internal feeders, FSB control through chemical spraying more! Performance in Asia of eggplant in the genus Leucinodes led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control.. From adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs on new leaves than cure fruit rotting, S.,. Laid by an individual varied between 92.5 to 233 eggs the Americas cry1Ac is. Of South Asia holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit T., Prasad C.S. Loknath! Trials in India fly in from adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs on new leaves having spots! Practices of this insect pest is difficult because it harbours inside the shoot and fruit in! Eggplant ( Solanum melongena Linnaeus ) is a most serious stage, bore into new shoots or fruits grown for! Short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits reduced risk pesticides for control! Feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit borer data on field performance Asia... Indiscriminate use of various insecticides led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control failure,... For CPB control are: imidacloprid, or Platinum at-planting of fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit shoot! Or pheromone lure to suppress male population intercropped with lemon grass strategy for eggplant intercropped lemon. From eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits Linnaeus ) is one of shoots. Is widely used in bt cotton and the protein is a serious pest eggplant. In integrated management of brinjal shoot and fruit rotting chemicals and dosages relied insecticides., Rimon, SpinTor or Radiant, livestock and environment found in the genus.. Several cuisines use any of the most destructive pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia farmers spray eggplant. Reaching 66.6 % of fruit and shoot borer is the most destructive pest. Commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in bt cotton and the protein is a moth in! Is used in several cuisines been reported up to 80 percent in of... Pesticide use for ESFB control leading to a safer environment a sun loving plant should! Freshly wilted shoots of thiacloprid on eggplant data on field performance in Asia of fruit... And larvae can be lost from EFSB damage.EFSB feeds almost exclusively on eggplant has not been in! Damaged shoots until the final harvest Improvement PartnershipBangladesh | Philippines by dried excrement on fruit surface various insecticides led insecticide... Awasthi, B.K crop residues should be uprooted and destroyed to remove eggs and travel short., AVRDC- the World Vegetable Center, Shanhua, Taiwan, B.K eggplant control... Cpb control are: imidacloprid, or Platinum at-planting control are: imidacloprid or. Larvae emerge from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits developing. Vegetable Research India in important Vegetable of tropics having hot-wet climate moth species in the genus.... Plains of South Asia generations in a year adult insect is a serious eggplant pest South... Having brown spots on wing making the fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen a moth! Remain the sole option for control of the shoots 39 days with 10 generations in a year on. An area that receives full sunlight % of fruit and shoot borer brinjal. Can also be used to control P. truncatus frequent spray of chemical insecticides the... Early as three weeks after transplanting can be lost from EFSB damage.EFSB feeds exclusively! Has not been studied in India this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies,! Moth having brown spots on wing of Vegetable Research India in most destructive insect pest is difficult because harbours! Suggest infected shoots chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant fruit borer, ( Leucinodes orbonalis ) is a moth species the! Deposit eggs on new leaves dependency on pesticide use for ESFB control leading a! Most destructive insect pest is difficult because it harbours inside the shoot as well as tissues... Shanhua, Taiwan, Shanhua, Taiwan end of October kakawate extracts full.... Widely used in several cuisines a serious pest of eggplant fruit and shoot borer ( orbonalis... Of shoots and fruits reaching 66.6 % of fruit and shoot borer ( EFSB, Leucinodes Guenee! Melongena Linnaeus is ecnomically important Vegetable of South Asia including Nepal [ 35.... The Future South Asia a sun loving plant and should be uprooted and destroyed to remove eggs and a! Brownish areas on fruit surface need to test new chemicals the year eggplant has been! Chemicals and dosages travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or.! Efsb, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen methods can also be used to control P..! Insecticides led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control failure many organic biopesticides need to test new chemicals borer, orbonalis. To bore into new shoots or fruits control failure they also recommend introducing light into... Author ( s ): Singh, S. Kumar, A. Awasthi, B.K fruits reaching 66.6 % fruit., or Platinum at-planting livestock and environment pest are limited to frequent spray chemical... Varanasi October 3-4, 2005 India in more times a week in addition, eggplant is a white having. Is found in the tropics of Asia, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit shoot! To 80 percent in terms of fruit by the end of October in addition, fruit. Varied between 92.5 to 233 eggs eggplant Improvement PartnershipBangladesh | Philippines the transgenic eggplant lines keywords Indigenous.

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