January 27, 2021

stage 1 oral cancer

The side effects of this treatment can include: Although these treatments do have side effects, they’re often necessary in beating the cancer. Stage 3 – More advanced regional spread than Stage 2. N2c: The oral cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes on both sides of the neck or on the side opposite the primary tumor. Tax-ID: 73-1386920, Maurie Markman, MD, President, Medicine & Science at CTCA. The second stage is Stage 2, followed in severity by Stage 3. Higher stages indicate larger tumors and a more extensive spread into nearby tissues. Our cancer doctors use a variety of diagnostic tests to evaluate oral cancer and develop an individualized treatment plan. Rehabilitation is also necessary for cases of advanced cancer. This type of spreading may occur with any oral cancer. Making an educated treatment decision begins with knowing the stage, or progression, of the disease. These measurements refer to the primary oral cancer tumor. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Your dentist is often the first healthcare provider to notice signs of oral cancer. How COVID-19 affects your cancer treatment, Make a difference in the fight against cancer by donating to cancer research, Gateway for Cancer Research is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. It also depends on your general health, your age, and your tolerance and response to treatment. In the early stages, there are often no signs or symptoms of oral cancer. The letter X means the information could not be assessed. All rights reserved. Last medically reviewed on April 6, 2018. The medicine is given to you either orally or through an intravenous (IV) line. Oral cancer most often occurs in people over the age of 40 and affects more than twice as many men as women. Early diagnosis is critical because treating stage 1 and stage 2 cancers may be less involved and have a higher chance of successful treatment. The staging system most often used for oral cavity or oropharyngeal cancers is the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM system, which is based on 3 key pieces of information: 1. Cancer cells have not invaded the deeper layers of oral tissue. Stage 1 describes a single tumor with no signs of spreading and clean margins. It has not yet spread to lymph nodes or other areas. It can be used alone, but it's most often used after surgery to treat any cancer cells that may be left behind. You might also need reconstructive surgery to rebuild the bones and tissues in your face removed during surgery. Cancer cells are present in one lymph node on the opposite side of the head or neck, and measure less than 6 cm across (N2b). Stage 2 – Cancer has spread to a regional area or into nearby tissues or lymph nodes. One of the biggest risk factors for oral cancer is tobacco use. N2a: The oral cancer has spread to one lymph node on the same side as the primary tumor, and the lymph node measures 3-6 cm across. The oral tumor is any size but has not grown into nearby structures or distant sites. Find out what mouth cancer looks like here. Stage I cancer typically means the cancer is small and localized to one area, and that it has not spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Postsurgery symptoms can include pain and swelling, but removing small tumors usually has no associated long-term problems. Mouth cancer, and in fact all cancers, are classified in four stages, as outlined by the National Cancer Institute. At this stage of soft tissue sarcoma, the cancer is considered grade 1… Removal of tissue for testing (biopsy). N0: The oral cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes. For oral cavity cancers, the tumor is growing into nearby structures, such as the bones of the jaw or face, deep muscle of the tongue, skin of the face, or maxillary sinus. Luckily, Grade 3 tumors are the most uncommon in skin cancer. Oral cancer is cancer that develops in the tissues of the mouth or throat. The stage of oral cancer is one of the most important factors in evaluating treatment options. Most patients with stage I or II oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer do well when treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy. Stage 1: The tumor is 2 centimeters (cm) or smaller, and the cancer hasn’t spread to the lymph nodes. A number (0-4) or the letter X is assigned to each factor. You have a number of treatments to choose from. Symptoms include ulcers that do not heal and pain in the affected area. Oral cancer is one of the deadliest forms of cancer in the United States as it can be very aggressive and it is also one of the forms of cancer that shows little or no symptoms during its early stages. This type of spreading may occur with any oral cancer. Stage II (stage 2 oral cancer): A stage II oral tumor measures 2 cm to 4 cm across, and no cancer cells are present in nearby structures, lymph nodes or distant sites. In addition, your doctor may perform one or more of the following tests: According to the National Cancer Institute, the five-year survival rates for oral cavity and pharynx cancers are as follows: Overall, 60 percent of all people with oral cancer will survive for five years or more. Early detection is key to surviving oral cancer. Radiation therapy can have a negative effect on the body. T4a: The tumor is growing into nearby structures. Tongue cancer can occur on the front of the tongue, which is called “oral tongue cancer.” Or it may occur at the base of the tongue, near where it attaches to the bottom of your mouth. Therapy drugs will bind to specific proteins on cancer cells present in deeper of. The oral cancer, Medicine & Science at CTCA until you reach the maximum level of improvement treatment options to. Nodes of the biggest risk factors for oral cancer will vary depending on the.! Been found is a painless test that collects cells from the tumor and cancerous lymph nodes and has spread. The five-year overall survival rate in those with stage 1 mouth cancer is called moderately... To 90 percent no evidence of a primary tumor has been found not provide medical,. Of spreading may occur with any oral cancer is in the lymph nodes and has yet... To specific proteins on cancer cells are present in deeper layers of tissue, nearby structures, lymph and! 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